Tag Archives: Esquirol

New History of Psychiatry: DSM, Phrenology, War Psychiatry, & More

The December 2016 issue of History of Psychiatry is now online. Articles in this issue explore psychiatric classification in the DSM, Italian colonial psychiatry, the phrenological studies of skulls, and more. Full titles, authors, and abstracts follow below.

“Italian colonial psychiatry: Outlines of a discipline, and practical achievements in Libya and the Horn of Africa,” by Marianna Scarfone. The abstract reads,

This article describes the establishment of psychiatry in Italy’s former colonies during the period 1906–43, in terms of the clinical and institutional mechanisms, the underlying theories and the main individuals involved. ‘Colonial psychiatry’ (variously called ‘ethnographic’, ‘comparative’ or ‘racial’ psychiatry) – the object of which was both to care for mentally afflicted colonists and local people and also to understand and make sense of their pathologies – received most attention in colonial Libya, starting in the first months of the Italian occupation (1911–12) and then taking institutional form in the 1930s; in the colonies of what was known as ‘Italian East Africa’, on the other hand, less was said about psychiatric care, and practical achievements were correspondingly limited.

“Natural kinds, psychiatric classification and the history of the DSM,” by Jonathan Y Tsou. The abstract reads, Continue reading New History of Psychiatry: DSM, Phrenology, War Psychiatry, & More

Esquirol in new issue of History of Psychiatry

esquirol.gifThe most recent issue of History of Psychiatry (June 2008, Vol. 19, No. 2) features an paper about Jean-Étienne-Dominique Esquirol written by Rafael Huertas.

Esquirol (1772-1840) is best known for being Philippe Pinel’s student and successor at la Salpêtrière in Paris as well as the author of the 1838 book Des Maladies mentales (see vol. 1, vol. 2). In addition, as Huertas puts it:

“His effort in introducing the Law on Alienated Persons of 1838 is, unquestionably, one of his major contributions to the history of psychiatric care. However, from a clinical perspective, he is considered to have merely continued and extended the paradigm imposed by his mentor Pinel (1745-1826)” (p. 123).

Continue reading Esquirol in new issue of History of Psychiatry