Category Archives: General

Psychology From the Margins: Call for Papers

Psychology From the Margins
Call for Papers
Submission Deadline: February 17

“Redefining Our Roots: Addressing the Historically Silenced Origins of Psychology Through Research, Practice and Advocacy”

To understand the present moment of psychology, we must examine its past. From conversion therapy to Brown v. Board of Education, psychology has played major roles in both supporting and undermining the well-being of the oppressed and disenfranchised throughout history.

Psychology from the Margins, a student-led, peer-reviewed journal supported by the National Museum for the History of Psychology is seeking submissions for our fifth annual issue. This journal features scholarly work addressing the history of research, practice, and advocacy in psychology, especially as it relates to social justice, social issues, and social change. The purpose of the journal is to fill gaps in the literature by providing an outlet for articles in psychology that highlight stories unrepresented in mainstream historical narratives. This year, we particularly welcome papers that address the theme of issue five- “Redefining Our Roots: Addressing the Historically Silenced Origins of Psychology Through Research, Practice and Advocacy”. We encourage contributions that draw attention to how various fields of psychological research, applied and clinical practice, and advocacy have affected and been affected by minoritized groups and individuals. Manuscripts should be between 15 and 40 pages in length (not including references) and the first author must be an undergraduate or graduate student.

Possible Topics:

  • Considerations related to use of mainstream psychological approaches with minoritized groups in light of histories of marginalization and oppression
  • History of a culturally specific approach and current state of the research
  • History of a harmful psychological practice with minoritized groups
  • Misapplication of psychological knowledge to marginalized groups throughout history and how it is/can be addressed
  • How social justice and advocacy endeavors in the history of psychology informs current practices
  • Modern applications of historical contributions of marginalized psychologists
  • Historical roots of social justice and advocacy within psychology
  • History of marginalized psychologists advocating for equity and justice
  • Explorations of the historical work of underrepresented groups in shaping psychology
  • Explorations of historically appropriated and/or colonized psychological practices or concepts from global communities

Submission Guidelines: Interested authors are welcome to submit an abstract for feedback from the editorial board regarding the topic’s fit and focus for this issue by emailing the editors (see below). Completed manuscripts should be submitted through the Psychology from the Margins portal found at https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/psychologyfromthemargins/

Questions and correspondence are welcomed and may be directed to Nina Parekh, M.A. (njp87@uakron.edu) and Janessa Garcia, M.A. (jg272@uakron.edu).

Call for Proposals – History, Theory, and Qualitative Inquiry (HTQ) Section of the Canadian Psychological Association

Call for Proposals – History, Theory, and Qualitative Inquiry (HTQ) Section of the Canadian Psychological Association

CPA Convention, 2023

June 23-25, Sheraton Centre, Toronto, ON

The History, Theory, and Qualitative Inquiry (HTQ) Section (formerly History & Philosophy section) is seeking proposals for symposia, individual oral paper presentations, as well as posters for the Canadian Psychological Association’s 83rd Annual Convention (Friday, June 23rd to Sunday, June 25, 2022) in Toronto, Ontario.

Reflecting a new and broader section name, we hope that the 2023 Convention will serve as an opportunity to renew old friendships and to start many new conversations. Importantly, we seek to expand upon the section’s traditional focus on historical and philosophical research in psychology to include critical psychological scholarship and qualitative research. To some extent the section has always been a home for critical and qualitative inquiry. Alternative approaches to psychology such as participatory approaches, discursive, and cultural psychology are also very welcome. We welcome all proposals that fall broadly within the newly expanded scope of the section. We especially welcome proposals from students.

The HTQ section is pleased to announce two travel scholarships worth $200 dollars each intended to support student delegates at all levels of study. To apply, submit the following:

  • Title and abstract submitted to CPA.
  • Name, program, and stage of studies (e.g. second year masters)
  • A short description of the relevance and potential for impact in domains linked to History and Philosophy of Psychology
  • Estimated costs for travel and registration for the conference.

Applications will be assessed based on scholarly promise and priority will be given to students travelling from out of province. Notice of awards will be sent to applicants by February 15, 2023. Applications should be submitted to the chair of the HTQ section (odohertk@uoguelph.ca) no later than December 15, 2022. Please include “HTQ Student Travel Award” in the subject line of the email.

An important change relevant to section members and anyone interested in joining us is that CPA has introduced a new Section Associate membership, which is significantly less expensive than full CPA membership.

There are several different types and lengths for individual spoken presentations (for our section we encourage either 25-minute conversation sessions or 25-minute review sessions) and group presentations (panel discussions and symposia). Details about these different formats can be found here: https://convention.cpa.ca/scientific-program/presentation-types/. The Call for Submissions is now open: https://events.decorporate.ca/CPA2023/abstract/login.php. The submission deadline is December 14.

If you have questions, please contact section chair Kieran O’Doherty (odohertk@uoguelph.ca) or program chair Michael Pettit (mpettit@yorku.ca).

We hope to see many of you in Toronto!

With best wishes,

Kieran O’Doherty and Michael Pettit

BPS History of Psychology Centre Calls for Donations Related to Black Psychology and Black Psychologists

The British Psychological Society’s History of Psychology Centre has issued a call for donations of records relating to Black Psychology and Black Psychologists in the UK:

Donations for the Society’s archive can relate to the work of individuals, groups or movements who have impacted UK psychology – including campaigners and activists.

This comes as part of the Society’s work to decolonise the psychology curriculum and recognise the contributions of Black psychologists. Donations can include minutes, agendas and meeting papers, marketing materials, publications, correspondence, lobbying material, images and recordings including videos and audio, and do not need to be associated with the BPS specifically.

….

If you would like to contribute, donations can be in paper or digital format and the archive reserves the right to refuse any donations which do not align with its Archive Collections Policy. If you have any questions, would like to talk with the History of Psychology Centre, or have suggestions for donations, email: hopc@bps.org.uk?

Full details available here.

Psychology of the Lvov-Warsaw School and the shape of postcommunist Polish psychology (unfinished dialog with Brentanian tradition)

A new piece in the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences will interest AHP readers: “Psychology of the Lvov-Warsaw School and the shape of postcommunist Polish psychology (unfinished dialog with Brentanian tradition),” Amadeusz Citlak. Abstract:

This article presents the development of Polish psychology from the perspective of the most important intellectual formation in Poland—the Lvov-Warsaw School of Kazimierz Twardowski. The representatives of the school played an extraordinary role in the history of Polish psychology in the first half of the 20th century. Unfortunately, this influence was halted by the outbreak of the war in 1939 and by communist oppression and propaganda after the war. After 1989, Polish psychology underwent a deep transformation in the spirit of Western psychology but with no continuation of the most significant achievements of Twardowski’s School. Although this process has integrated Polish psychologists into the mainstream of psychology in the world, it has not led to the integration of one of the most original European psychological traditions into world psychology.

The Power Within: Mass Media, Scientific Entertainment, and the Introduction of Psychical Research into China, 1900–1920

AHP readers will be interested in a new open access piece in the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences: “The Power Within: Mass Media, Scientific Entertainment, and the Introduction of Psychical Research into China, 1900–1920,” Luis Fernando Bernardi Junqueira. Abstract:

How did a new science initially promoted by only a few individuals eventually become a widespread cultural phenomenon practiced and known by thousands of people? Following a transnational approach, this article traces the introduction of psychical research into China during the first two decades of the twentieth century. Known in the Republican period (1912–1949) as Spiritual Science (xinling kexue or xinling yanjiu), psychical research flourished between the 1920s and 1930s, playing a key role in the popularization of applied psychology and mind-cure across China. This article takes a step back from the heyday of Spiritual Science by looking at the period that immediately preceded and helped define it. Focused on wide-circulation newspapers, popular manuals and stage performances, it teases out the ways in which Chinese popular culture translated European, American and Japanese psychical research to local Chinese audiences in the midst of China’s search for modernity. By naturalizing the reality of psychic powers, spiritual scientists blurred the boundaries between science and superstition in a period when these were posited as diametrically opposed

HHS: Special Section on the Hoffman Report, Boas, Work Stress, and More

The December 2022 issue of History of the Human Sciences is now online. This issue includes a special section on “The Hoffman Report in historical context,” as well as a number of other articles. Full details below.

“Introduction: The Hoffman Report in historical context,” Nadine Weidman. Abstract:

This brief introduction explains the historical background of the Hoffman Report, the 2015 independent counsel’s investigation into the American Psychological Association’s role in aiding ‘enhanced interrogations’ of detainees in the Bush Administration’s Global War on Terror. It also outlines the articles in this special section of History of the Human Sciences on the Hoffman Report in Historical Context.

“Beyond torture: Knowledge and power at the nexus of social science and national security,” Joy Rohde. Abstract:

In the wake of revelations about the American Psychological Association’s complicity in the military’s enhanced interrogation program, some psychologists have called upon the association to sever its ties to national security agencies. But psychology’s relationship to the military is no short-term fling born of the War on Terror. This article demonstrates that psychology’s close relationship to national security agencies and interests has long been a visible and consequential feature of the discipline. Drawing on social scientific debates about the relationship between national security agencies and the social sciences in the late 1960s and early 1970s, this article also provides cautionary lessons for psychologists confronting the torture controversy. It concludes that an ethically robust response to this controversy requires that psychologists engage in a sustained reckoning with the powerful institutional, epistemological, and financial incentives that have bound the discipline to the military and intelligence communities since World War I.

“The Hoffman Report in historical context: A study in denial,” Dan Aalbers. Abstract:

Using the concept of social denial, this article puts the American Psychological Association’s (APA’s) pattern of willful blindness, identified by independent reviewer David Hoffman, in historical context by examining the contributions of Cold War social scientists to the CIA’s KUBARK torture manual, and discusses the implications of this history for the reform of the APA’s ethics policies. David Hoffman found that the leadership of the APA colluded with Department of Defense (DoD) to ensure that the APA’s ethical policies were no stronger than those issued by the DoD. While the independent reviewer did not find evidence of collaboration between the CIA and the APA, this was not due to a lack of effort on the part of the APA, which was anxious to establish good relations and so promote the use of psychology in the national security arena. While Hoffman did not find that the APA knew that its collaborations would facilitate the development of abusive interrogation techniques, it showed a marked, motivated lack of interest in whether or not the DoD or CIA was abusing prisoners. The APA maintained its strategic ignorance even while engaging in a public relations campaign designed to give the impression that it was deeply concerned about multiple reports of psychologist involvement in a system of torture. This willful ignorance was not unprecedented and follows a predictable pattern of knowing and not-knowing to which all psychologists should attend.

“A military/intelligence operational perspective on the American Psychological Association’s weaponization of psychology post-9/11,” Jean Maria Arrigo, Lawrence P. Rockwood, Jack O’Brien, Dutch Franz, David DeBatto, and John Kiriakou. Abstract:

We examine the role of the American Psychological Association (APA) in the weaponization of American psychology post-9/11. In 2004, psychologists’ involvement in the detention and interrogation of terrorist suspects generated controversy over psychological ethics in national security (PENS). Two signal events inflamed the controversy. The 2005 APA PENS Report legitimized clinical psychology consultation in support of military/intelligence operations with detained terrorist suspects. An independent review, the 2015 Hoffman Report, found APA collusion with the US Department of Defense in producing the APA PENS Report and subsequent policies. Ongoing activities within APA to weaponize psychology sharpened the controversy. The authors—two psychologists and four former military/intelligence professionals—bring a military/intelligence operational perspective to detail two neglected areas of collateral damage. The first is the toll on psychology as a scientific enterprise. The second is covert influence on professional associations for incompatible security-sector objectives. We establish epistemic, historical, institutional, legal, and operational foundations for evaluation of these damages, as well as implications for APA and related professional associations in the ongoing Global War on Terror.

“Beyond following rules: Teaching research ethics in the age of the Hoffman Report,” Elissa N. Rodkey, Michael Buttrey, and Krista L. Rodkey. Abstract:

The Hoffman Report scandal demonstrates that ethics is not objective and ahistorical, contradicting the comforting progressive story about ethics many students receive. This modern-day ethical failure illustrates some of the weaknesses of the current ethics code: it is rule-based, emphasizes punishments for noncompliance, and assumes a rational actor who can make tricky ethical decisions using a cost–benefit analysis. This rational emphasis translates into pedagogy: the cure for unethical behavior is more education. Yet such an approach seems unlikely to foster ethical behavior in the real world, either for students or for mature scientists. This article argues for an alternative ethical system and a different way of teaching ethical behavior. Virtue ethics emphasizes the development of ethical habits and traits through regular practice and reflection. We show how virtue ethics complements a feminist approach to science, in which scientists are encouraged to reflect on their own biases, rather than attempting to achieve an impossible objectivity. Our article concludes with pedagogical suggestions for teaching ethical behavior as a practical and intelligent skill.

“Quentin Skinner, contextual method and Machiavelli’s understanding of liberty,” Nikola Regent. Abstract:

The article examines Quentin Skinner’s influential interpretation of Machiavelli’s views on liberty, and the sharp divergence between his methodological ideas and his actual practice. The paper explores how Skinner’s political ideals directed his interpretation against his own methodological precepts, to offer a basis for a ‘revival’ of republican theory. Skinner’s reinterpretation of Machiavelli as a theorist of negative liberty is examined, and refuted. The article analyses Skinner’s claim about liberty as the key political value for Machiavelli, and demonstrates that liberty is secondary to empire on the list of Machiavelli’s priorities. Skinner’s vocabulary and efforts to tone down or ignore Machiavelli’s more aggressive ideas are closely examined. The analysis offered in the article, it is suggested, has wider implications, showing the difficulty of applying contextualism in practice, by the very founder of this approach in the history of ideas.

“Confronting the field: Tylor’s Anahuac and Victorian thought on human diversity,” Chiara Lacroix. Open access. Abstract:

Victorian anthropologists have been nicknamed ‘armchair anthropologists’. Yet some of them did set foot in the field. Edward Burnett Tylor’s first published work, Anahuac, or Mexico and the Mexicans, Ancient and Modern, described his youthful travels in Mexico. Tylor’s confrontation with the ‘field’ revealed significant tensions between the different beliefs and attitudes that Tylor held towards Mexican society. Contrasts between the evidence of Mexico’s history (prior to European contact) and the present-day society of the 1850s led Tylor to see both progress and degeneration in Mexico, both ‘authentic’ culture and deep cultural mixture. In order to show that he was capable of uncovering the ‘authentic’ Mexican society, Tylor portrayed himself as a professional traveller-ethnographer, even though he was an anthropological novice. The embodied confrontation with the physical field also created tensions in Tylor’s relationship to Mexico. Despite Tylor’s mainly ethnocentric vision of foreign societies, his experiences of physically navigating the Mexican land and environment led him towards an empathetic relativism with respect to material culture and social practice. At the same time, his role as a traveller encouraged him to see the field as a fluid entity with no clear boundaries, even as he searched for a bounded and untouched Mexican society amidst cultural mixture. Drawing out the tensions resulting from a Victorian traveller’s confrontation with the foreign field allows for a more balanced engagement with the works of these Victorian scholars of human diversity, which have often been portrayed as naively ethnocentric.

“Mind and knowledge in the early thought of Franz Boas, 1887–1904,” Valentina Mann. Abstract:

Franz Boas’ articulation of a new historicist and relativistic framework for anthropology stands as the founding moment of the discipline. Accordingly, scholars have sought to trace its source and inspirations, often concluding that Boas’ thought was shaped almost exclusively by his German background and characterized by a foundational methodological tension. Here, I instead show that Boas’ most creative early work benefitted from close interaction with debates in psychology and that his methodological reflections were part of the much wider series of discussions in North America engendered by the importation of the German Geistes-/Naturwissenschaft debate. Central to such debates, as well as to anthropological ones in these years, were the contested definitions of the human mind and of knowledge. Recovering this shared focus reveals the importance of such questions to Boas’ early writings, allowing us to better reconstruct his views on anthropology and to appreciate how he approached the question of how to justify the bounding of human knowledge into specific disciplines.

“Stressing the ‘body electric’: History and psychology of the techno-ecologies of work stress,”
Jessica Pykett and Mark Paterson. Open access. Abstract:

This article explores histories of the science of stress and its measurement from the mid 19th century, and brings these into dialogue with critical sociological analysis of emerging responses to work stress in policy and practice. In particular, it shows how the contemporary development of biomedical and consumer devices for stress self-monitoring is based on selectively rediscovering the biological determinants and biomarkers of stress, human functioning in terms of evolutionary ecology, and the physical health impacts of stress. It considers how the placement of the individual body and its environment within particular spatio-temporal configurations renders it subject to experimental investigation through standardized apparatus, electricity, and statistical normalization. Examining key themes and processes such as homeostasis, metricization, datafication, and emotional governance, we conclude that the figure of the ‘body electric’ plays a central limiting role in current technology-supported approaches to managing work stress, and that an historical account can usefully open these to collective scrutiny.

Communist Psychology in Argentina: Transnational Politics, Scientific Culture and Psychotherapy (1935-1991)

A new book by Luciano Nicolás García will interest AHP readers: Communist Psychology in Argentina: Transnational Politics, Scientific Culture and Psychotherapy (1935-1991).

This book presents an intellectual history of the reception of Soviet psychology in Argentina as part of the communist scientific culture promoted by the Argentine Communist Party. This research reconstructs the material conditions, the political conjunctures and disciplinary disputes that allowed the international circulation of the works and ideas of Ivan Pavlov and Lev Vygotsky, and analyzes how pavlovism and vygotskianism impacted psychology, psychiatry and the wider mental health field in Argentina between 1935 and 1991.

Starting on the 1930s, a group of professionals, scientists and intellectuals who belonged to the Argentine Communist Party introduced Soviet psychology in Argentina as an effort to promote the philosophical and political principles of Marxism-Leninism in Argentinean psychological and psychiatric academic circles, as well as in mental health institutions. This book shows how the efforts of this group contributed to the diffusion of communist scientific ideas and practices in South America as part of a transnational circuit of communist scholars and intellectuals that included France, Spain and the USA, which fostered scientific exchange and politicized science during the years of antifascist struggle and the Cold War.

Communist Psychology in Argentina: Transnational Politics, Scientific Culture and Psychotherapy (1935-1991) will be of interest to historians of psychology and psychiatry concerned with the study of the relationship between Marxism and psychology in the 20th century, as well as to historians of science in general attentive to the study of the circulation of scientific ideas, as the book reconstructs the networks of the international communist movement as an effort to provide a scientific basis for the development of a socialist program in different parts of the world.

Introducing Parapraxis, a magazine of psychoanalysis

AHP readers may be interested in a new magazine, Parapraxis dedicated to psychoanalysis. Full details below from Founding Editor Hannah Zeavin.

As if we don’t have enough issues already, today we launched Parapraxisa magazine devoted to psychoanalysis. To inquire into and uncover the psychosocial dimension of our lives—investigating social, political, and personal issues in relation to violence and conflict, gender and sexuality, racism and diasporic experience, and care and welfare—is the mission of the magazine. Hitching a ride to society’s ongoing return to Sigmund Freud in the 21st century, Parapraxis will be a psychoanalytically oriented supplement to the existing venues of radical critique and historical materialism. Critically aware of the limits of psychoanalytic thinking and institutions, the magazine will include reviews, reported pieces, columns on culture and social movements, and a thematic cluster of feature essays. We believe the magazine will reinvigorate leftist psychoanalytic thought in the academy and the clinic, but the magazine addresses a more general audience. Whereas there are many literary magazines and leftist magazines, there are no popular magazines devoted exclusively to the advancement of psychoanalytic thinking.

Our first print issue is on “The Family Problem.” The first myth Freud sought to dismantle was that of the wholesome family. Yet a hundred and some years later, Freud’s family and other figments still agitate us. We truly can’t seem to live with the family real and imagined, and equally, we can’t yet live without it. Our first issue is on this thorniest of thickets. From the clinic’s conflicts to social and political critique to literary and aesthetic criticism, we have given the family the psychoanalytic treatment, as but one step toward curing ourselves of its compromised form. There will, as always, be more forms and symptoms to treat. This is simply our beginning.

On our website, you will find a few advance pieces from our print issue and some web-only features: an open letter to cis psychoanalysis by McKenzie Wark, an essay on whiteness in South Africa by Zoe Samudzi, an auto-analysis on class and analytic training by Donald Moss, an excerpt from Jamieson Webster’s latest book, and more. You can now subscribe to our print issues, the first of which will arrive to your mailbox in December. Or consider purchasing a stack for your waiting room or reading group. 

Stay tuned for announcements for our December launch in New York and January launch in The Bay Area. In the meantime, we hope that you enjoy our magazine. Please feel free to forward this announcement to anyone you think might be interested. 

Warmest,
Hannah Zeavin
Founding Editor, Parapraxis 

Race and statistics in facial recognition: Producing types, physical attributes, and genealogies

AHP readers may be interested in a new piece in Social Studies of Science: “Race and statistics in facial recognition: Producing types, physical attributes, and genealogies,” Abigail Nieves Delgado. Abstract:

Principal component analysis (PCA) is a common statistical procedure. In forensics, it is used in facial recognition technologies and composite sketching systems. PCA is especially helpful in contexts with high facial diversity, which is often translated as racial diversity. In these settings, researchers use PCA to define a ‘normal face’ and organize the rest of the available facial diversity based on their resemblance to or difference from that norm. In this way, the use of PCA introduces an ‘ontology of the normal’ in which expectations about how a normal face should look are corroborated by statistical calculations of normality. I argue that the use of PCA can lead to a statistical reification of racial stereotypes that informs recognition practices. I discuss current and historical cases in which PCA is used: one of face perception theorization (‘face space theory’) and two of technology development (the ‘eigenfaces’ facial recognition algorithm and the ‘EvoFIT’ composite sketching system). In each, PCA aligns facial normality with racial expectations, and instrumentalizes race in specific ways: as a type, physical attribute, or genealogy. This analysis of PCA does two things. First, it opens the black box of facial recognition to uncover how stereotypes and intuitions about normality become part of theories and technologies of facial recognition. Second, it explains why racial categorizations remain central in contemporary identification technologies and other forensic practices.

The “Girl Suicide Epidemic” of the 1910s: Pain and Prejudice in US Newspapers

A new piece in the Journal of Women’s History will interest AHP readers: “The “Girl Suicide Epidemic” of the 1910s: Pain and Prejudice in US Newspapers” by Diana W. Anselmo. Abstract:

Reading the medicalization of US immigration policy in tandem with the feminization and juvenation of suicide in early twentieth-century newspapers, I argue that US exceptionalism sits on a perdurable and widespread embrace of eugenics ideals, traceable to the years around World War I. Cast by journalists and scientists as a public health hazard, the so-called “girl suicide epidemic” symptomizes a patriarchal society’s efforts to pathologize gender, class, ethnic, and psychogenic differences through the weaponization of renewed public concerns about women’s social roles, national belonging, and infectious disease control. By contextualizing archival research on early twentieth-century newspapers with immigration legislation, eugenic theory, and psychology literature, I aim to enter feminist efforts to challenge an idea of sovereign US citizenship defined by Anglo-Saxon male whiteness and homogenous wellness.

Thanks to h-madness for bringing this to our attention.