AHP readers will be interested in a new open-access piece in the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences: “Völkerpsychologie as a field science: José Miguel de Barandiarán and Basque ethnology,” by Aitor Anduaga. Abstract:
José Miguel de Barandiarán considered the central figure of Basque anthropology, played a prominent role in the Basque people’s cultural rescue (material and spiritual). His dual status as an ethnologist and priest prepared him to study collective mentalities and rural societies. However, the scientific approach of the Völkerpsychologie (roughly translated as ethnic psychology), as proposed by Wilhelm Wundt, greatly influenced him and aroused broad interests of ethnological and sociological–religious concerns. This essay examines the scope and depth of Wundt’s influence on Barandiarán, and suggests that, by combining the techniques of folklore with those of ethnography, Barandiarán stamped Basque anthropology with a unique defining quality in Europe.