Bibliography: Laboratories, Instruments, and the Material Culture of Psychology

Harvard Psychological Laboratory, 1892. via the Virtual Laboratory.

For anyone interested in exploring the history of laboratories, instruments, and the material culture of psychology more generally, I have put together the following bibliography. Sources have been organized into the following categories: Laboratories, Instruments, Online Resources, Instrument Collections, and Introductory Material Culture Readings. For the purposes of this bibliography, “material culture” has been interpreted quite broadly. Rather than focus solely on writings narrowly confined to this field, a variety of sources that touch on the history of material objects – especially those related to the history of science – have been included here. Other items included in the bibliography also look at unconventional instruments, including paper tools, tests, and organisms as instruments. A number of reference works, photographic collections, and online resources are also provided. The bibliography is by no means complete and suggested additions are welcome and appreciated. And don’t forget to check out the full list of our bibliographies on our Resources page. Happy reading!

Update: The post now includes a section of sources, provided by Ryan Tweney, on instruments, experiments, and replication. Additional readings suggested by Rodrigo Miranda – including many in French, Portuguese, and Spanish – have also been added, as has a reading suggested by Gabriel Ruiz. Our thanks to them all.

Bibliography: Laboratories, Instruments, and the Material Culture of Psychology


General Discussion

Benjamin, Jr., L. T. (2000). The psychology laboratory at the turn of the 20th century. American Psychologist, 55(3), 318–321. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.3.318

Capshew, J. H. (1992). Psychologists on site: A reconnaissance of the historiography of the laboratory. American Psychologist, 47(2), 132–142. doi: 10.1037//0003-066X.47.2.132

Garvey, C. R. (1929). List of American psychology laboratories. Psychological Bulletin, 26, 652-660. doi:10.1037/h0075811

Specific Laboratories

Brooks, J. I. (1993). Philosophy and psychology at the Sorbonne, 1885–1913. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 29(2), 123–145. doi:10.1002/1520-6696(199304)29:2<123::AID-JHBS2300290204>3.0.CO;2-C

Cirino, S. D., Miranda, R. L., & da Cruz, R. N. (2012). The beginnings of behavior analysis laboratories in Brazil: A pedagogical view. History of Psychology, 15(3), 263–272. doi: 10.1037/a0026306

Green, C. D. (2010). Scientific objectivity and E. B. Titchener’s experimental psychology. Isis, 101(4), 697–721. doi:10.1086/657473

Koutstaal, W. (1992). Skirting the abyss: A history of experimental explorations of automatic writing in psychology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 28(1), 5–27. doi:10.1002/1520-6696(199201)28:1<5::AID-JHBS2300280102>3.0.CO;2-X

Lachapelle, S. (2008). From the stage to the laboratory: Magicians, psychologists, and the science of illusion. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 44(4), 319–334. doi:10.1002/jhbs.20327

Nicolas, S., & Ferrand, L. (1999). Wundt’s laboratory at Leipzig in 1891. History of Psychology, 2(3), 194–203. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.2.3.194

Nicolas, S., & Sanitioso, R. B. (2012). Alfred Binet and experimental psychology at the Sorbonne laboratory. History of Psychology, 15(4), 328–363. doi: 10.1037/a0028060

Pantalony, D. (2009). Altered sensations: Rudolph Koenig’s acoustical workshop in nineteenth-century Paris. New York: Springer.

Pind, J. L. (2009). A tale of two psychologies: The Høffding–Lehmann controversy and the establishment of experimental psychology at the University of Copenhagen. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 45(1), 34–55. doi:10.1002/jhbs.20348

Schmidgen, H. (2003). Time and noise: the stable surroundings of reaction experiments, 1860–1890. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 34(2), 237–275. doi:10.1016/S1369-8486(03)00024-4

Sokal, B. M. M. (2010). Scientific biography, cognitive deficits, and laboratory practice: James McKeen Cattell and early American experimental psychology, 1880–1904. Isis, 101(3), 531–554. doi:10.1086/655791

Sokal, M. M. (1972). Psychology at Victorian Cambridge: The unofficial laboratory of 1887-1888. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 116(2), 145–147. doi:10.2307/986169

Todes, D. P. (1997). Pavlov’s physiology factory. Isis, 88(2), 205–246. doi:10.2307/236572

Valentine, E. R. (1999). The founding of the Psychological Laboratory, University College London: “Dear Galton…Yours truly, J Sully.” History of Psychology, 2(3), 204–218. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.2.3.204

Windholz, G. (1990). Pavlov and the Pavlovians in the laboratory. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 26(1), 64–74. doi:10.1002/1520-6696(199001)26:1<64::AID-JHBS2300260107>3.0.CO;2-V


General Discussion

Draaisma, D., & de Rijcke, S. (2001). The graphic strategy: The uses and functions of illustrations in Wundt’s Grundzüge. History of the Human Sciences, 14(1), 1–24. doi: 10.1177/095269510101400101

Evans, R. B. (2000). Psychological instruments at the turn of the century. American Psychologist, 55(3), 322–325. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.3.322

Gundlach, H. (2007). What is a psychological instrument? In M. Ash, & T. Sturm (Eds.), Psychology’s territories: Historical and contemporary perspectives from different disciplines (pp. 195-224). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Popplestone, J. A., & McPherson, M. W. (1971). Prolegomenon to the study of apparatus in early psychological laboratories circa 1875-1915. American Psychologist, 26(7), 656–657. doi:10.1037/h0032047

Sokal, M. M., Davis, A. B., & Merzbach, U. C. (1975). A national inventory of historic psychological apparatus. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 11(3), 284–286. doi:10.1002/1520-6696(197507)11:3<284::AID-JHBS2300110308>3.0.CO;2-X

Sokal, M. M., Davis, A. B., & Merzbach, U. C. (1976). Laboratory instruments in the history of psychology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 12(1), 59–64. doi:10.1002/1520-6696(197601)12:1<59::AID-JHBS2300120107>3.0.CO;2-L

Sturm, T., & Ash, M. G. (2005). Roles of instruments in psychological research. History of Psychology, 8(1), 3–34. doi: 10.1037/1093-4510.8.1.3

Voboril, D., Kveton, P, & Jelínek, M. (2014). Psychological machinery: Experimental devices in early psychological laboratories. Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang International Academic Publishers.

Specific Instruments

Alder, K. (2007). America’s two gadgets: Of bombs and polygraphs. Isis, 98(1), 124–137. doi:10.1086/512836

Benjamin, L. T. (1988). A history of teaching machines. American Psychologist, 43(9), 703–712. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.43.9.703

Benschop, R., & Draaisma, D. (2000). In pursuit of precision: The calibration of minds and machines in late nineteenth-century psychology. Annals of Science, 57(1), 1–25. doi:10.1080/000337900296281

Borck, C. (2005). Writing brains: Tracing the psyche with the graphical method. History of Psychology, 8(1), 79–94. doi: 10.1037/1093-4510.8.1.79

Buchanan, R. (1997). Ink blots or profile plots: The rorschach versus the MMPI as the right tool for a science-based profession. Science, Technology & Human Values, 22(2), 168-206.

Bunn, G. (1997). The lie detector, Wonder Woman and liberty: The life and work of William Moulton Marston. History of the Human Sciences, 10(1), 91–119. doi: 10.1177/095269519701000105

Bunn, G. C. (2007). Spectacular science: The lie detector’s ambivalent powers. History of Psychology, 10(2), 156–178. doi: 10.1037/1093-4510.10.2.156

Bunn, G. C. (2012). The truth machine: A social history of the lie detector. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Capshew, J. H. (1993). Engineering behavior: Project Pigeon, World War II, and the conditioning of B. F. Skinner. Technology and Culture, 34(4), 835–857. doi:10.2307/3106417

Evans, R. B. (2003). Titchener’s photo album: An important source on early psychological instrument makers. The Virtual Laboratory.

Fuchs, A. H., & Trewin, S. A. (2007). History of psychology: Robert Yerkes’ multiple-choice apparatus, 1913-1939. The American Journal of Psychology, 120(4), 645–660. doi:10.2307/20445429

Gallo, D. A., & Finger, S. (2000). The power of a musical instrument: Franklin, the Mozarts, Mesmer, and the glass armonica. History of Psychology, 3(4), 326–343. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.3.4.326

Goodwin, C. J. (1987). In Hall’s shadow: Edmund Clark Sanford (1859-1924). Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 23(2), 153–168. doi:10.1002/1520-6696(198704)23:2<153::AID-JHBS2300230205>3.0.CO;2-4

Goodwin, C. J. (1991). Misportraying Pavlov’s Apparatus. The American Journal of Psychology, 104(1), 135–141. doi:10.2307/1422855

Green, C. D. (2005). Was Babbage’s analytical engine intended to be a mechanical model of the mind? History of Psychology, 8(1), 35–45. doi: 10.1037/1093-4510.8.1.35

Gundlach, H. (1996). The Hipp chronoscope as totem pole and the formation of a new tribe: Applied psychology, psychotechnics and rationality. Teorie & Modelli, 1, 65–85.

Haupt, E. J. (2001). The first memory drum. The American Journal of Psychology, 114(4), 601–622. doi:10.2307/1423613

Lemov, R. (2010). “Hypothetical Machines”: The science fiction dreams of Cold War social science. Isis, 101(2), 401–411. doi:10.1086/653107

Pantalony, D. (2004). Seeing a voice: Rudolph Koenig’s instruments for studying vowel sounds. The American Journal of Psychology, 117(3), 425–442. doi:10.2307/4149009

Rösler, F. (2005). From single-channel recordings to brain-mapping devices: The impact of electroencephalography on experimental psychology. History of Psychology, 8(1), 95–117. doi: 10.1037/1093-4510.8.1.95

Rutherford, A. (2003). B. F. Skinner and the auditory inkblot: The rise and fall of the verbal summator as a projective technique. History of Psychology, 6(4), 362–378. doi: 10.1037/1093-4510.6.4.362

Schmidgen, H. 2001. Le cœur mis à nu. Movement-images in experimental physiology, 1830-1860. The Virtual Laboratory.

Schmidgen, H. (2003). Helmholtz’s “psychological” time experiments. The Virtual Laboratory.

Schmidgen, H. (2005). Physics, ballistics, and psychology: A history of the chronoscope in/as context, 1845-1890. History of Psychology, 8(1), 46–78. doi: 10.1037/1093-4510.8.1.46

Schmidgen, H. (2008). Münsterberg’s photoplays: Instruments and models in his laboratories at Freiburg and Harvard (1891-1893). The Virtual Laboratory.

Schraven, T. (2003). The Hipp chronoscope. The Virtual Laboratory.

Schraven, T. (2004). The Hipp chronoscope. The Virtual Laboratory.

van Strien, P. J. (1998). Early applied psychology between essentialism and pragmatism: The dynamics of theory, tools, and clients. History of Psychology, 1(3), 205–234. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.1.3.205

Psychological Tests & Paper Tools

Boake, C. (2002). From the Binet-Simon to the Wechsler-Bellevue: Tracing the history of intelligence testing. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology, 24, 383–405. doi:10.1076/jcen.24.3.383.981

Brain, R. M. (2001). The ontology of the questionnaire: Max Weber on measurement and mass investigation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 32(4), 647–684. doi:10.1016/S0039-3681(01)00026-7

Buchanan, R. D. (2002). On not “giving psychology away”: The Minnesota Multiphasic Inventory and public controversy over testing in the 1960s. History of Psychology, 5(3), 284–309. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.5.3.284

Carson, J. (1993). Army alpha, army brass, and the search for army intelligence. Isis, 84(2), 278–309. doi:10.2307/236235

Derksen, M. (2001). Discipline, subjectivity and personality: An analysis of the manuals of four psychological tests. History of the Human Sciences, 14(1), 25–47. doi: 10.1177/095269510101400102

Galison, P. (2004). Image of self. In L. Daston (Ed.), Things that talk (pp. 257-294). New York: Zone Books.

Gundlach, H. (1996). The Hipp chronoscope as totem pole and the formation of a new tribe –Applied psychology, psychotechniques and rationality. Teorie & Modelli, 1, 65-85.

Hegarty, P. (2003). Homosexual signs and heterosexual silences: Rorschach research on male homosexuality from 1921 to 1969. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 12(3), 400–423. doi:10.1353/sex.2004.0009

Lemov, R. (2011). X-rays of inner worlds: The mid-twentieth-century American projective test movement. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 47(3), 251–278. doi:10.1002/jhbs.20510

Petrina, S. (2001). The “never-to-be-forgotten investigation”: Luella W. Cole, Sidney L. Pressey, and mental surveying in Indiana, 1917–1921. History of Psychology, 4(3), 245–271. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.4.3.245

Sokal, M. M. (Ed.). (1987). Psychological testing and American society, 1890-1930. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

von Mayrhauser, R. T. (1992). The mental testing community and validity: A prehistory. American Psychologist, 47(2), 244–253. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.47.2.244

Winter, D. G. (1998). “Toward a science of personality psychology”: David McClelland’s development of empirically derived TAT measures. History of Psychology, 1(2), 130–153. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.1.2.130

Zytowski, D. G. (2008). From #2 pencils to the World Wide Web: A history of test scoring. Journal of Career Assessment, 16, 502–511. doi:10.1177/1069072708318906

Organisms as Instruments

Derksen, M. (2010). People as scientific instruments. Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science, 4, 21-29. doi:10.4245/sponge.v4i1.11842

Logan, C. A. (1999). The altered rationale for the choice of a standard animal in experimental psychology: Henry H. Donaldson, Adolf Meyer, and “the” albino rat. History of Psychology, 2(1), 3–24. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.2.1.3

Logan, C. A. (2001). “[A]re Norway Rats… Things?”: Diversity versus generality in the use of Albino rats in experiments on development and sexuality. Journal of the History of Biology, 34(2), 287–314. doi:10.2307/4331662

Logan, C. A. (2005). The legacy of Adolf Meyer’s comparative approach: Worcester rats and the strange birth of the animal model. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science, 40(4), 169-181.

Pettit, M. (2012). The queer life of a lab rat. History of Psychology, 15(3), 217–227. doi:10.1037/a0027269

Schloegel, J. J., & Schmidgen, H. (2002). General physiology, experimental psychology, and evolutionism: Unicellular organisms as objects of psychophysiological research, 1877–1918. Isis, 93(4), 614–645. doi:10.1086/375954

Photographs & Illustrations

Bringmann, W. G., Luck, H. E., Miller, R., & Early, C. E. (Eds.). (1997). A pictorial history of psychology. Carol Stream, IL: Quintessence Publishing Co.

Popplestone, J. A., & McPherson, M. W. (1994). An illustrated history of American psychology. Akron, OH: University of Akron Press.

Roback, A. A., & Kiernan, T. (1969). Pictorial history of psychology and psychiatry. New York: Philosophical Library.

Reference Books

Bud, R., & Warner, D. J. (Eds.). (1998). Instruments of science: An historical encyclopedia. New York: Science Museum, London, and National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, in association with Garland Publishers.

Harteveld, M. A. (1989). Catalogus van historische psychologische apparaten in Nederland. Een registratie van historische psychologische apparatuur aanwezig bij universiteiten, musea, hedrijven en instellingen. [Catalogue of historical psychological apparatus in the Netherlands. A register of historical psychological apparatus in universities, museums, corporations and institutions]. Groningen, Germany: Werkgroep historische materialien psychologie.

Paulitsch, C. (2011). Psychological instruments. Münster, Germany: Verlagshaus Monsenstein und Vannerdat OHG.

Turner, G. L. (1983). Nineteenth-century scientific instruments. London: Sotheby Publications. 

Online Resources 

The Virtual Laboratory: Essays and Resources on the Experimentalization of Life. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin.

Instrument Collections 

Adolf-Würth-Center for the History of Psychology (Adolf-Würth-Zentrum für Geschichte der Psychologie). University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Center for the History of Psychology. University of Akron, Akron, OH.

Engineering Psychology Collection. University of Toronto Scientific Instrument Collection. University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.

Psychology Collection. University of Toronto Scientific Instrument Collection. University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.

Psychological Test Collection. History of Psychology Centre. British Psychological Society. Leicester, UK.

Introductory Material Culture Readings

Alder, K. (2007). Introduction [Focus Section: Thick Things]. Isis, 98(1), 80–83. doi:10.1086/512832

Auslander, L. (2005). Beyond words. The American Historical Review, 110(4), 1015–1045. doi:10.1086/ahr.110.4.1015

Danziger, K. (2003). Where theory, history and philosophy meet: The biography of psychological objects. In D.B. Hill & M.J. Kral (Eds.), About psychology: Essays at the crossroads of history, theory and philosophy (pp. 19-33). New York: New York University Press. [A direct response to Daston’s Biographies of Scientific Objects (2000), see below]

Daston, L. (Ed.). (2000). Biographies of scientific objects. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Daston, L. (Ed.). (2004). Things that talk: Object lessons from art and science. New York: Zone Books.

Latour, B. (2007). Can we get our materialism back, please? Isis, 98(1), 138–142. doi:10.1086/512837

McClung Fleming, E. (1974). Artifact study: A proposed model. Winterthur Portfolio, 9, 153–173. doi:10.2307/1180572

Prown, J. D. (1982). Mind in matter: An introduction to material culture theory and method. Winterthur Portfolio, 17(1), 1–19. doi:10.2307/1180761

Turkle, S. (2007). Evocative objects: Things we think with. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Instruments, Experiments, and Replication – c/o Ryan Tweney

Baird, D. (2004). Thing knowledge: A philosophy of scientific instruments. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Borell, M. (1987). Instrumentation and the rise of modern physiology. Science and Technology Studies, 5, 53-62.

Boynton, D. M. & Smith, L. D. (2006). Bringing history to life: Simulating landmark experiments in psychology. History of Psychology, 9, 113-143.

Cavicchi, E. (1997). Experimenting with magnetism: Ways of learning of Joann and Faraday. American Journal of Physics, 65, 867-882.

Chen, X. (2000). Instrumental traditions and theories of light: The uses of instruments in the optical revolution. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Gooday, G. J. N. (1997). Instrumentation and interpretation: Managing and representing the working environments of Victorian experimental science. In B. Lightman (Ed.), Victorian science in context (pp. 409-437). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gooding, D. C. (1989). History in the laboratory: Can we tell what really went on? In F. A. J. L. James (Ed.), The development of the laboratory: Essays on the place of experiment in industrial civilization (pp. 63-82). New York: American Institute of Physics.

Gooding, D., Pinch, T., & Schaffer, S. (Eds.). (1989). The uses of experiment: Studies in the natural sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hacking, I. (1983). Representing and intervening. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Höttecke, D. (2000). How and what can we learn from replicating historical experiments?. Science & Education, 9, 343-362.

Hutchins, E. (1995). How a cockpit remembers its speeds. Cognitive Science, 19, 265-288.

Ippolito, M. F. & Tweney, R. D. (1997). On telling left from right: The apparatus of handedness in early American psychology. In W. G. Bringmann, H. E. Leuck, R. Miller, & C. E. Early (Eds.), A pictorial history of psychology (pp. 490-500). Carol Stream, IL: Quintessence Publishing Co.

Klein, U. (Ed.). (2001). Tools and modes of representation in the laboratory sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Kurz, E. M. & Hertwig, R. (2001). To know an experimenter. In K. R. Hammond & T. R. Stewart (Eds.), The essential Brunswik: Beginnings, explications, applications (pp. 180-186). New York: Oxford University Press.

Kurz, E. M. & Tweney, R. D. (1998). The practice of mathematics and science: From calculus to the clothesline problem. In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (Eds.), Rational models of cognition (pp. 415-438). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Max-Planck Institute for the History of Science. Experimentalization of Life: Virtual Laboratory.

Norman, D. A. (1988). The psychology of everyday things. New York: Basic Books.

Norman, D. A. (1993). Things that make us smart: Defending human attributes in the age of the machine. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley Publishing Co.

Popplestone, J. & Tweney, R. D. (Eds.). (1997). The great catalog of the C.H. Stoelting Company, 1930-1937. A facsimile reproduction, with an introduction. Delmar, NY: Scholars’ Facsimiles & Reprints.

Rheinberger, H. J. (1997). Toward a history of epistemic things: Synthesizing proteins in the test tube. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Rucci, A. & Tweney, R. D. (1980). Analysis of variance and the “Second Discipline” of scientific psychology: An historical account. Psychological Bulletin, 87, 166-184.

Schmidgen, H. (2002). Of frogs and men: The origins of psychophysiological time experiments, 1850-1865. Endeavour, 26(4), 142-148.

Titchener, E. B. (1901-1905). Experimental psychology: A manual of laboratory practice. Vol. I: Qualitative experiments; Vol. II: Quantitative experiments. (2 volumes in 4 parts). New York: Macmillan.

Tweney, R. D. (Ed.). (2008). Special issue: Studies in historical replication in psychology. Science & Education, 17(5).

Tweney, R. D. (2006). Discovering discovery: How Faraday found the first metallic colloid. Perspectives on Science, 14(1), 97-121.

Tweney, R. D.  (2003). Whatever happened to the brass and glass? The rise of statistical “instruments” in psychology, 1900-1950. In D. Baker (Ed.). Archival research in the history of psychology: Thick description and fine texture (pp. 123-142), Akron, OH: University of Akron Press.

Tweney, R. D.  (2004). Replication and the experimental ethnography of science. Journal of Cognition & Culture, 4, 731-758. (Special issue on the Cognitive Anthropology of Science, ed. by Christophe Heinze)

Additional Readings c/o Rodrigo Miranda


General Discussion

Oyuela, R. (Ed.) (2008). Los Laboratorios de la Psiche: Una historia de la psicología experimental en Colombia [The Laboratories of the psiche: A history of experimental psychology in Colombia]. Bogotá: Universidad Javeriana.

Popplestone, J. A. & McPherson, M. W. (1984). Pioneer Psychology Laboratories in Clinical Settings. In J. Brožek (Ed.), Explorations in the History of Psychology in Amerca (pp. 196-272). Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Press.

Ratcliff, M. J. & Ruchat, M. (Eds.) (2007). Les Laboratoires de l’Esprit: Une histoire de la psychologie à Genève, 1892-1965 [Laboratories of the Soul: A history of psychology in Geneve, 1892-1965]Lausanne: Lep/MHS.

Specific Laboratories

Bomfim, E. M. & Albergaria, M. T. A. (2004). Origem e Relevância de um Laboratório de Psicologia no Brasil na Década de  1950 [Origin and Importance of a Psychological Laboratory in Brazil in the 1950s]. Memorandum, 7, 151-164.

Centofanti, R. (2006). Os Laboratórios de Psicologia nas Escolas Normais de São Paulo: O despertar da psicometria [The Laboratory of Psychology at Sao Paulo Normal Schools: Raising psychometrics]. Psicologia da Educação, 22, 31-52.

Centofanti, R. & Jacó-Vilela, A. M. (2006). O Laboratório de Psicologia na Colônia de Psicopatas em Engenho de Dentro [The Laboratory of Psychology at the Psychopath Colony of Engenho de Dentro]. In R. H. F. Campos & R. C. Vieira (Eds.), Instituições e Psicologia no Brasil, 1ed. (pp. 150-162). Rio de Janeiro: Nau Editora.

Fazzi, E. H.; Oliveira, B. J. & Cirino, S. D. (2011). Notas sobre o Laboratório de Psicologia da Escola de Aperfeiçoamento de Belo Horizonte [Notes on the Laboratory of Psychology at the Belo Horizonte Teachers College]. Memorandum, 20, 58-69.


General Discussion

Vidal, E. Q., Sevilla, J. G. & Linares, M. J. P. (1989). El Uso de Instrumentos en la Investigación Psicológica [Using Apparatus in Psychological Research]. In J. Mayor & J. L. Pinillos (Eds.), Historia, Teoria y Método (pp. 373-390). Madrid: Alhambra Universidad.

Specific Instruments

Lattal, K. A. (2004). Steps and Pips in the History of the Cumulative Recorder. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior82(3), 329-355.

Photographs & Illustrations

Musée d’Histoire Naturelle de Lille (2002). La Mesure de L’Homme: Instruments et test du musée d’Histoire Naturelle de Lille [The Measurement of Mankind: Instruments and tests from the Natural History of Lille]Paris: Somogy Éditions d’Art.


Gieryn, T. F. (2002). Three Truth-spots. Journal of History of the Behavioral Sciences, 38(2), 113 – 132.

Gooday, G. (2008). Placing or replacing the laboratory in the history of science. Isis, 99, 783-795.

Kohler, R. (2008). Lab history: reflections. Isis, 99, 761-768.

Instrument Collections

Museu de Historia de la Psicología, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Argentina.

c/o Gabriel Ruiz

Ruiz, G., Sánchez, N. y de la Casa, L.G. (2002). El diseño de los laboratorios de Cornell  y Leningrado y su relación con las visiones  epistémicas de Titchener y Pavlov [The architectural design of Cornell and Leningrad laboratories and its relationships with Titchener and Pavlov theoretical views]. Anuario de Psicología, 33,  291-304.

About Jacy Young

Jacy Young is a professor at Quest University Canada. A critical feminist psychologist and historian of psychology, she is committed to critical pedagogy and public engagement with feminist psychology and the history of the discipline.

3 thoughts on “Bibliography: Laboratories, Instruments, and the Material Culture of Psychology

  1. Jacy, incredible job! Excellent guide, thank you! We have some references in French, Portuguese and Spanish. Would you like to add some of them?

  2. Hi Rodrigo,

    I would love to add your additional sources. Either email them to me, or post them in a comment here, and I will update my post to include them.


  3. Great job! I can send further references — send me your email address!

Comments are closed.