We often speak and write as though there were only one, singular history of psychology. But of course that is not the case. Psychology developed in different ways, along different lines, in all of the countries where it has gradually come to be regarded as a “science.” This is most obvious in the old saw about there having been three “scientific” psychologies at the turn of the 20th century: German (experimental), French (clinical), and British (individual differences). This division was, perhaps, most expertly explored, reformulated, and elaborated by Kurt Danziger in his 1990 book, Constructing the Subject.
Now a prominent Italian history of science journal has published a special issue on the national histories of psychology (or should it the history of national psychologies?). The journal is entitled Physis: Revista Internazionale di Storia della Scienza (Physis: International Review of the History of Science), and the 457-pp. special issue from 2006 (vol. 43) has the expansive title “The Rise of ‘Scientific’ Psychology Within the Cultural, Social, and Institutional Contexts of European and Extra-European Countries Between the 19th and 20th Centuries.” Edited by Guido Cimino (“La Sapienza,” U. Rome) and Régine Plas (U. René Descartes Paris V), the issue is entirely in English and includes articles from many of the lumiaries of the field: Mitchell Ash, Michael Sokal, Horst Gundlach, Jaqueline Carroy, Fernando Vidal, Irina Sirotkina, and Enrique Lafuente, among several others.
The issue is based on a symposium that was held at the International Congress of History of Science in Beijing in July 2005. Most of the articles focus on the origins of psychology in particular countries: German, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, the US, and, interestingly, Brazil, Japan, and China. Overall, it is a rare and highly valuable resource that contains 20 articles in all.
Sadly, it is a little hard to come by (at least in North America). I have not been able to find a copy of this journal available on the internet, either open or by subscription. The journal is published by Leo S. Olschki Editore of Firenze (Florence), and a yearly “foreign” subscription (2 issues) goes for €86 (currently about $125 US). To obtain a copy of the special issue on psychology (which was, I believe, a double issue), I wrote directly to the editor, Guido Cimino.